What goes into an appraisal?
A home purchase
some of us
It doesn't matter if it's
a primary residence,
a seasonal vacation property or
an investment, purchasing real property is
a complex financial transaction that requires multiple parties to pull it all off.
||To learn more about appraising, click here to see a short video or call us today to talk about your specific property.
You're probably familiar with the parties having a role in the transaction.
The real estate agent is the most familiar entity in the transaction.
Next, the bank provides the money required to fund the transaction.
Ensuring all areas of the exchange are completed and that the title is clear to transfer from the seller to the buyer is the title company.
So what party makes sure the value of the property is consistent with the amount being paid?
This is where the appraiser comes in. We provide an unbiased opinion of what a buyer might expect to pay - or a seller receive - for a parcel of real estate, where both buyer and seller are informed parties. A professional Illinois licensed appraiser from Israel Sosa will ensure you as an interested party are informed.
Inspecting the subject property
To determine the true status of the property, it's our responsibility to first conduct a thorough inspection.
We must see features first hand, such as the number of bedrooms and bathrooms, the location, living areas, etc., to ensure they indeed exist and are in the shape a typical person would expect them to be.
To ensure the stated square footage has not been misrepresented and convey the layout of the house, the inspection often includes creating a sketch of the floor plan.
Most importantly, we look for any obvious features - or defects - that would have an impact on the value of the property.
Back at the office, an appraiser employs two or three approaches when determining the value of real property:
paired sales analysis and, in the case of a rental property, an income approach.
This is where we use information on local construction costs, labor rates and other factors to figure out how much it would cost to replace the property being appraised. This estimate often sets the upper limit on what a property would sell for. The cost approach is also the least used predictor of value.
Paired Sales Analysis
Appraisers are intimately familiar with the subdivisions in which they appraise.
We thoroughly understand the value of particular features to the homeowners of that area.
Then, the appraiser looks up recent transactions in the neighborhood and finds properties which are 'comparable' to the real estate being appraised. Using knowledge of the value of certain items such as
upgraded appliances, additional bathrooms, an additional living area, quality of construction, lot size, we adjust the comparable properties so that they are more accurately in line with the features of subject.
An opinion of what the subject might sell for can only be determined once all differences between the comps and the subject have been evaluated.
The sales comparison approach to value is most often awarded the most importance when an appraisal is for a real estate sale.
Say, for example, the comparable has an extra half bath that the subject doesn't, the appraiser may deduct the value of that half bath from the sales price of the comparable.
If the subject has an extra half-bathroom and the comparable does not, the appraiser might add a certain amount to the comparable property.
Valuation Using the Income Approach
In the case of income producing properties - rental houses for example - we may use a third way of valuing real estate.
In this scenario, the amount of revenue the real estate generates is taken into consideration along with income produced by neighboring properties to derive the current value.
Combining information from all applicable approaches, the appraiser is then ready to state an estimated market value for the subject property.
The estimate of value on the appraisal report is not necessarily the final sales price even though it is likely the best indication of what a property could sell for in an open market.
Prices can always be driven up or down by extenuating circumstances like the motivation or urgency of a seller or 'bidding wars'.
Regardless, the appraised value is typically employed as a guideline for lenders who don't want to loan a buyer more money than the property would likely sell for in an open marketplace.
At the end of the day: An appraiser from Israel Sosa will help you get the most accurate property value, so you can make profitable real estate decisions.
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